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Phlebitis & thrombosis

Phlebitis and thrombosis, sometime referred to as superficial vein phlebitis and superficial vein thrombosis, are conditions that affect the veins close to the skin, primarily in the leg. The combination of the two – inflammation and a blood clot – is called thrombophlebitis. Phlebitis is inflammation of the veins and thrombosis is a blood clot in the vein. These conditions are related to a more serious condition, deep vein thrombosis (DVT).  

risk factors

Risk factors for phlebitis and thrombosis include:

  • Varicose veins
  • Previous history of phlebitis
  • Prolonged periods of sitting (in a car, on an airplane, etc.)
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Hormones (during pregnancy or from estrogen contraceptives)
  • Smoking

If your doctor suspects you have phlebitis or thrombosis, you may be referred to the Surgical Care Group for further evaluation and treatment.

diagnosis, treatment and technologies


Phlebitis and thrombosis can indicate more serious venous problems, including life-threatening DVT. For this reason, it is important to diagnose and treat these conditions. Ultrasound is most commonly used to screen for phlebitis and thrombosis.


Treatment for phlebitis and thrombosis generally focuses on alleviating the symptoms and includes heating and/or cooling of the affected area, elevating the affected limb, and taking over-the-counter pain medications. Special socks called compression stockings can also help. Clots that are detected closer to deep veins may be treated with a blood thinner. The best way to prevent phlebitis and thrombosis is to stay active and avoid prolonged periods of inactivity.

Your legs can reflect your overall health.
What do yours say about you?

Healthy legs, healthy you

Routine vein and vascular screenings can help in the early detection of potentially serious problems. CMC’s New England Heart & Vascular Institute (NEHVI) offers extensive screening services in our state-of-the-art IAC Accredited Vascular Lab facility.

Accreditation for Quality Care to Vascular Patients

CMC has achieved accreditation by the Intersocietal Accreditation Commission (IAC) for its noninvasive vascular testing. This accreditation recognize CMC's delivery of quality care and testing to vascular patients. 

Complimentary Vein Screening

If you’ve been wondering about the cause of your varicose veins, aching, itchiness, pain, heaviness and/or swelling in your legs, join the experts at CMC’s New England Heart & Vascular Institute for a complimentary 15-minute vein screening clinic. Our board-certified vascular surgeons and vascular sonographers will help you identify potential problems and recommend treatment options so you can maintain your overall health and a summer-worthy appearance.

Clinics are held the second Thursday of the month, from 5–6 PM. Reserve your spot today!

Meet Our Vascular Team

Our vascular physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners and support staff bring extensive expertise and skill to each procedure, and take a personal interest in your well-being.