Endovascular and vascular surgical specialties treat diseases of the vascular system. The vascular system is the network of arteries, veins, and lymphatic circulation throughout the body. Vascular surgeons are trained in the diagnosis and management of diseases affecting the entire vascular system except for the heart and brain.
Vascular disease can occur when blood vessels in the veins and arteries are damaged by rupture or blockage. Vascular surgeons perform reconstructive surgeries like open aortic repair, along with minimally-invasive techniques, called endovascular surgery.
Using medical therapy, minimally-invasive catheter procedures, and surgical reconstruction, vascular and endovascular surgeons treat diseases of the aorta, carotid arteries, and the iliac, femoral, and tibial arteries in the lower extremities. Vascular disorders such as Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD), carotid artery disease, aneurysms, and varicose veins can be effectively treated by vascular and endovascular surgery.
Common types of vascular disease include:
- Carotid artery disease
- Peripheral artery disease
- Aortic artery disease
- Venous disease